Download PDF by Peter Singer: A Companion to Ethics

By Peter Singer

ISBN-10: 0631187855

ISBN-13: 9780631187851

During this quantity, a few of state-of-the-art so much wonderful philosophers survey the entire box of ethics, from its origins, in the course of the nice moral traditions, to theories of ways we should dwell, arguments approximately particular moral concerns, and the character of ethics itself. The ebook could be learn immediately via from starting to finish; but the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive define of contents and bibliographies of suitable literature, signifies that the amount additionally serves as a piece of reference, either for these coming afresh to the learn of ethics and for readers already conversant in the topic.

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The articles in this part discuss ethical theories that attempt to answer the fundamental practical questions of ethics: What ought I to do? How ought I to live? These theories make up the more abstract part of what is known as normative ethics that is, the part of ethics concerned with guiding action. ' is: 'In accordance with human nature'. In tracing the changes in the meaning of this answer since Greek and Roman times, this essay provides a background to many later ethical theories. At the same time it indicates some problems for subsequent attempts to appeal to natural law in order to argue that specific kinds of conduct (for example, the use of contraception) are wrong.

3 2 Ethics in Small-Scale Societies George Silberbauer Early human beings lived in small nomadic groups. Examining the ethical systems of contemporary small-scale societies, such as the Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert, helps us to grasp the elements of ethical systems suited for societies that live in this manner. Anthropological accounts can help us to understand why and to what extent some ethical values and principles are universal, or nearly so, among human beings, while others are subject to wide variation.

14 3 Ancient Ethics Gerald A. Larue The earliest surviving documents with an ethical content were written by inhabitants of Mesopotamia, some five thousand years ago. They shed light on the initial development of ethics in settled societies. Other early ethical writings show the nature of ethics in ancient Egypt and in early Hebrew civilization. 29 Page x Part II: The Great Ethical Traditions There are many distinct ethical traditions. The essays in this part outline some of the major ones: Indian, Buddhist, Chinese, Jewish, Christian and Islamic.

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A Companion to Ethics by Peter Singer


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