By Fa Xian; James Legge
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Additional info for A record of Buddhistic Kingdoms : being an account by the Chinese monk Fâ-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist books of discipline translated and annotated with a Corean recension of the Chinese text by James
The maps and ground plans are reproduced or adapted from James Fergusson and James Burgess, The Cave Temples of India (London: W. H. Allen, 1880; repr. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 2000). Individuals. Shri Devendra Ingle, Asstt. Prof. M. J. College, Jalgaon has helped in a number of ways. Sayyed Abid, Sayyed Asak, Sayyed Rajek, and Sayyed Azhar of Hotel New K. P. Park, Phardapur, sponsored boarding and lodging during the author’s three-month field tour in the summer of 2012. Soma Bhattacharjee has edited the typescript.
20 Cave 29. This accounted for the prosperity and cultural diversity of the Vakatakas, which is reflected in the Hindu temples in and around Ramagiri (Ramtek Hill) and the Buddhist caves of Ajanta. The major religions of the times—Buddhism, Vaishnavism, and Shaivism—all had important settlements in the Vakataka kingdoms. The Eastern and Western Vakatakas were two different, largely autonomous kingdoms. Vindhyashakti was the progenitor of the dynasty, according to Puranic and epigraphical sources.
It is within this Taxonomy that we shall have to locate the Buddhists of Ajanta. We should simply describe them as were followers of the mainstream schools, because we simply do not know which school they belonged to. Even the inscriptions are not helping us in this regard. Is there a Mahayana at Ajanta? About Mahayana, I can do no more than refer the reader to Gregory Schopen whose views on Mahayana are quite suitable to explain the fifth-century context of Ajanta. He observes: Textual sources placed the beginning of Mahayana in the second century CE with the first translation of Lokakshema’s Sukhavati-vyuha Sutra, central to the Mahayanists.
A record of Buddhistic Kingdoms : being an account by the Chinese monk Fâ-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist books of discipline translated and annotated with a Corean recension of the Chinese text by James by Fa Xian; James Legge