New PDF release: Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory

By Mel Thompson

The 3rd variation of moral concept has been up to date in keeping with the revised a degree specification standards. It offers a necessary historical past to moral matters via giving an summary of significant moral theories and the way those should be utilized to more than a few modern ethical matters. the hot variation combines all of the strengths of the second one version with a brand new layout and lines to make the content material extra available to all scholars in an effort to increase their realizing of the subject. New good points contain: - Key questions during the chapters to assist scholars specialise in the foremost concerns - key phrases outlined and defined during the chapters - Profiles of key participants - their contribution and importance - extra precis diagrams all through to help revision - photographs and illustrations - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - New exam-style questions and suggestions on the finish of every bankruptcy.

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Key questions Starting from the indefinable ‘good’, Moore’s book raises two basic questions: ● ● What things should exist for their own sake? His answer: those that we call intrinsically good. What actions ought we to perform? His answer: those that produce most good. Now, in contrast to metaphysical ethics, this approach does not depend on any abstract concepts about the world as a whole. On the other hand, ‘good’ is not simply a word we choose to apply to objects, but is the name of a quality that inheres in things.

His early Tractatus saw the meaning of a statement primarily in terms of its reference to the experienced world. Later he broadened his approach, with the meaning of language seen in terms of its use. A. J. Ayer (1910–89) Influenced by the Vienna Circle, Alfred Ayer published Language, Truth and Logic at the age of 26, establishing himself as a radical thinker, attacking more conventional religious and moral theories found in Oxford. He took an ‘emotivist’ view that moral statements expressed the feelings of the person making them, rather than any objective truth.

It is sometimes assumed that there is something called ‘freedom’ out there which can be discussed and which might or might not exist – as when we discuss the relationship between causality and personal freedom. He suggests quite simply that there would be no ‘problem’ of freedom if people were not free! It is because we experience and know what freedom is that we feel we have a problem; hence Billington takes the view that arguments about the existence of moral freedom are pointless, since everyone knows what it is to be free.

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Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory by Mel Thompson

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